What is online learning?

The learning process is the interaction of the teacher, student and learning tools. The capabilities of modern computer tools and information technologies make it possible to assign part of the teacher’s functions and part of the learner’s functions adopted in the classical form of training to teaching aids. Information technologies in online learning play the role of tools that:

  • provide students with remote access not only to educational material, but also to a large amount of reference information, in an additional, accompanying form;
  • provide students with means of communication with an online tutor, as well as among themselves; Today there are technical possibilities for a student who is at a great distance from the training center (school, university, college, lyceum) to listen and watch a lecture, take part in a video conference or get a consultation, perform a computer lab experiment, etc.

  • carry out management and control over the learning process; the student must make sure, first of all, that he has understood the study material, understood it, remembered the main points, learned how to put them into practice to solve practical problems. On the other hand, the active role of an online teacher is no less significant, since his task is not only to verify the knowledge of the ward, but also - as in full-time training - to decide on adjusting the curriculum in order to achieve the best assimilation of the material passed

  •  provide the opportunity to create effective simulators, visualization tools, the maximum use of various ways of presenting information: text, graphics, video, sound, animation, that is, what is called "multimedia";

A key element in building learning using Internet technology is to provide remote access to educational content. Variations of online learning such as a virtual school, distance learning courses, etc. are widespread.

A virtual school is an educational institution in which the pedagogical process and training are carried out via the Internet. Materials on training courses in a virtual school are presented in electronic form and are posted on the website in such a way that authorized students can use them. These materials usually include lecture texts on the subject, interactive tests and simulators, dictionaries, etc. Having studied the materials of the virtual lesson, the student performs a series of tasks that are automatically checked by the system, with a grade. The student can interact with online teachers, consulting in subjects. Network teachers can also monitor and evaluate the knowledge of the student, communicating with him by e-mail, by phone, in a forum or using other technical means of communication. Certification of students throughout the course is usually carried out in the form of an exam (full-time or part-time).

The distance course is a special, based on the use of modern information technology, presentation of the content of the training course. The distance course is the main element of building learning using distance learning technologies

With the help of Internet technologies the following forms of classes are possible:

Chat Lessons - Classes taught using chat technology. Chat classes are held synchronously, that is, all participants have simultaneous access to chat. Within the framework of many distance learning institutions, there is a chat school in which teachers and students interact using chat rooms.

Web-based classes  - remote lessons, conferences, seminars, business games, laboratory works, workshops, and other forms of training conducted using telecommunications and other features of the World Wide Web. For web classes, specialized educational web forums are used - a form of user work on a specific topic or problem using entries left on one of the sites with the corresponding program installed on it.

Web forums differ from chat sessions by the possibility of longer (multi-day) work and the asynchronous nature of the interaction between students and teachers.

Teleconferencing -  conducted, as a rule, on the basis of mailing lists using e-mail. Educational teleconferences are characterized by the achievement of educational objectives. There are also forms of distance learning, in which training materials are sent by mail to the regions.

An online seminar  is a type of web conference, conducting online meetings or presentations over the Internet in real time. During the web conference, each participant is located on their computer, and communication between them is maintained via the Internet through a downloadable application installed on each participant’s computer, or through a web application.

Of course, the online learning system is also not perfect. Firstly, difficulties arise in determining the identity of the student. That is, while it is impossible to accurately verify whether our student or someone is passing the exam for him. But as a solution to this problem, some universities of distance education are introducing a compulsory full-time session. Secondly, it happens that the quality of the Internet is not enough to establish an uninterrupted connection between the student and the teacher. Thirdly, distance learning courses contribute to the fact that direct contact between the student and the teacher is lost.

During online learning, the student watches lectures in video or in live broadcasts, passes interactive tests, exchanges files with a tutor, communicates with classmates and teachers in chat rooms, takes quests, etc. Such training allows you to fully immerse yourself in the educational environment and improve your skills without interruption from the workflow.

Online training is perfect for those who live in remote areas, as well as for those who, for certain reasons, cannot attend full-time education. In addition, the undoubted advantage of distance learning courses via the Internet is that the student can choose at what time of the day it is more convenient for him to study, as well as determine for himself the individual duration of classes.

A student of distance learning does not have a rigid class schedule, and all the nuances can always be solved in the fastest way using e-mail, skype or ICQ. In addition, there is the opportunity to talk with the teacher on-line and ask all the questions of interest on a particular subject. Passing training, distance education allows you not to worry about the fact that any assessments will be put "with bias."

Originally published May 2, 2019